Trade Language/Jargon

Landscape Gardening Trade Language/Jargon

8 views 09/04/2018 20/12/2018 Helpers.ie Help 0

Annual: Annual plants have life cycles of a single year. After one growing season they die, and new ones will need to be planted.

Arboriculture: The cultivation and management of trees, shrubs and other woody plants.

Astroturf: A synthetic surface made to look like grass. Usually laid in locations where sports are played, but also increasingly used in private gardens.

Biennial: Biennial plants have life cycles of two years. After two growing seasons they die, and new ones will need to be planted.

Bitumen-based Paint: Solvent-based, fast drying paint that can be used to protect numerous materials including ferrous and non-ferrous metals, concrete, roofing felt, fibre/cement,corrugated iron, asphalt and wood.

Block Paving: Also known as brick paving, block paving uses bricks to create a driveway or area of hardstanding.

Block Splitter: Also known as Block Cutters or Guillotines, a tool that allows bricks to be cut along straight lines to shape them for use in block paving.

Brick Saw: A power tool used for cutting concrete, bricks and other materials. More often referred to as a grinder by tradespeople.

Coping: A flat stone used as a cap on walls or around the perimeter of patios, pools and ponds etc.

Coppicing: The cutting down of a tree to near ground level at regular intervals.

Crazy Paving: Paving made of irregular pieces of flat stone.

Crown Lift (also know as crown raising): The removal of a tree’s lowest branches.

Crown Reduction: The removal of some of a tree’s branches with the aim of reducing its height and/or spread.

Crown Thin: To remove some of a tree’s smaller branches – usually at the outer reaches – to make the foliage more evenly spaced.

Dead Wooding: The removal of dead branches from a tree.

Decking: The material – usually planks of timber or a composite material manufactured to look like wood – used to make a platform or terrace in landscaping projects. 

Evergreen: Evergreen plants don’t lose their foliage, and instead have green leaves on them throughout the year.

Fence Clip: A device that fixes fence panels to the posts.

Fence Panel: A distinct section of fence supported between the fence posts.

Fence Post: The vertical elements of a fence, set in the ground as a supporting the structure.

Fence Post Caps: A cover designed to fit on top of a fence post.

Fence Spikes: The supportive posts which hold up a fence.

Flagstone: Any large, flat stone used for paving and patios.

Formative Pruning: Shaping a tree or plant when young to affect its later growth and development.

Hard Landscaping: The aspect of garden and other outdoor design that focuses on construction materials and techniques.

Lopping and Topping: Often seen as outdated terminology that can be used to describe clumsy work – lopping involves taking off branches with vertical cuts, while topping involves thinning the crown of the tree with horizontal cuts, often through the main trunk.

Mulch: A substance made up of leaf matter, tree bark and compost spread around a plant to help insulate the soil.

Overlap fencing (also known as lap fencing): Fencing made up of panels where boards run horizontally between posts. The panels are surrounded in a frame.

Palisade Fencing: A type of fencing made up of either metal or wooden stakes with gaps in between.

Patio: A paved area outside a house.

Perennial: Plants which live for multiple years.

Permeable Paving: Paving made up materials that allows water to soak through.

Raised Bed: A unit filled with soil and used for planting, which sits above ground level.

Slabs: Typically square or rectangular pieces of decorative stone or concrete, used mainly to form patio areas in outdoor spaces. Slabs come in a wide variety of colours, and sizes. Also referred to as paving stones, and flagstones.

Subsoil: The layer of soil beneath the topsoil, which typically contains less organic matter.

Topsoil: The uppermost layer of soil, typical around two to eight inches deep.

Trellis: A frame made up of crossed pieces of wood, often used as a base for climbing plants.

 

All Trademarks™ or Registered® Trademarks belong to their respective holders, and their use does not imply any affiliation with or endorsement by them.

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