Aggregate: Small particles of various crushed stone, rock, or gravel. Often used to refer to any loose building material such as sand, ballast, gravel, MOT, etc.
Air Brick: A perforated brick that is built into a wall to increase ventilation.
Ballast: Mix of sand and gravel. Usually used to make concrete when mixed with cement.
Building Act 1990: The overarching act of legislation that covers all building regulations in Ireland.
Cavity Wall: Wall made up to two parallel masonry skins, with an air space between them to aid ventilation.
Conservation Area: An area designated by the local authority to be of special historical or architectural significance, in which certain developments may be restricted.
First Fix: Installation work carried out before walls and ceilings are plastered, such as fitting pipes and cables.
Full-fill Cavity: A wall cavity that has been completely filled with insulation.
Joist: A horizontal beam, made of metal or wood, which can support a ceiling, wall or floor.
Lintel: A horizontal beam supporting a wall above a door or window.
Party Wall: A boundary between two properties over which both sides has legal rights.
Planning Permission: Permission needed from the local authority to allow certain developments.
Rebar: Short for reinforcing bar, a steel bar or frame of steel bars around which concrete is poured, with the rebar providing support.
Second Fix: Items installed after plastering has been completed, such as plug sockets, radiators and doors.
Sleeper Wall: A low wall that supports ground floor joists.
Snagging: An expression for all the small issues left over at the end of a construction project. Typically a homeowner will identify snags which the tradesman will rectify to complete the job.
Stone Cladding: A thin layer of real or simulated stone applied to a building to give a stone effect.
Stud Partition: A non-load bearing dividing wall, made of a timber frame covered in plaster board.
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