Arboriculture: The cultivation and management of trees, shrubs and other woody plants.
Coppicing: The cutting down of a tree to near ground level at regular intervals.
Crown Lift (also know as crown raising): The removal of a tree’s lowest branches.
Crown Reduction: The removal of some of a tree’s branches with the aim of reducing its height and/or spread.
Crown Thin: To remove some of a tree’s smaller branches – usually at the outer reaches – to make the foliage more evenly spaced.
Dead Wooding: The removal of dead branches from a tree.
Felling: Cutting down trees leaving a stump behind.
Formative Pruning: Shaping a tree or plant when young to affect its later growth and development.
Lopping & Topping: Often seen as outdated terminology that can be used to describe clumsy work – lopping involves taking off branches with vertical cuts, while topping involves thinning the crown of the tree with horizontal cuts, often through the main trunk.
Pollard: Removing the top of a young tree and encouraging multiple branches to emerge from the same point.
Stump Grinding: The process of removing a tree stump with a machine that grinds out the wood. The roots will still remain.
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